Despite its formative role in the economic, social and political evolution of Gulf society, there has until now been no book taking the entire history of the pearling as its subject. Dr Carter’s ground-breaking work traces its evolution on both the Arabian and the Persian sides of the Gulf, from its inception to its demise, and explores the role it played in shaping the political, social and urban configuration that we see in the region today. It shows the extent to which the Gulf economy became dependent on a single commodity, and how, in that respect, pearling resembled the oil industry that would replace it.
Since antiquity the natural pearls of the Gulf have been famed as the finest, most lustrous and most plentiful that the world can offer. Pearling’s exceptionally long history can be traced back at least to 5000 BC, when pearls were implicated in the earliest ventures in long-distance maritime trade. In the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, the industry boomed as never before. By this time pearls were fished in their millions by ever-increasing numbers of tribesmen and townspeople, to feed an expanding international market. The influx of people and wealth to the coast permanently transformed the Gulf, providing the manpower and capital to germinate and nurture the city-states – most notably Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah – which endure there today.
Lavishly illustrated, this book covers in unprecedented detail the history, development, conduct, florescence and catastrophic collapse of the industry in the early 20th century. It is essential reading, not only for those wishing to understand the growth and conduct of the pearl fishery, but also for those interested in the history of the region and the origins of the Gulf states, and in the colourful story of the global taste for one of mankind’s most highly prized precious stones.